Binder Jetting

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What is Binder Jetting?

binder jetting impeller sand casting
Figure 1. Sand casting mould made using Binder jetting for impeller (credit:voxeljet)

Binder Jetting (BJ) is one of seven Additive Manufacturing techniques in which a binding liquid is selectively deposited to join powder material together to form a 3D part. Among the additive manufacturing technologies exist today, binder jetting is unique because it does not employ heat during the process like others to fuse the material together.


Types of Binder Jetting

It can be classified into the following groups by the binding agent it uses to combine the material together to form the object. Binders are critical to successful binder jetting process. The type of binder used depends on the type of powder or system that is being used, or customer application requirements.

One of the pioneers of this binder technology Exon uses the following binders

  • Furan Binder
  • Silicate Binder
  • Phenolic Binder
  • Aqueous-Based Binder

How Binder jetting works

how binder jetting works
Figure 2. Binder jetting work flow (credit:Voxeljet)
  • Powder material is spread over the build platform using a roller
  • The print head deposits the binder adhesive on top of the powder where required
  • The build platform is lowered by the model’s layer thickness
  • Another layer of powder is spread over the previous layer. The object is formed where the powder is bound to the liquid
  • Unbound powder remains in position surrounding the object
  • The process is repeated until the entire object has been made



Advantages and disadvantages of Binder jetting

Advantages of BJ

  • Parts can be made with a range of different colours
  • Uses a range of materials: metal, polymers and ceramics
  • The process is generally faster than others
  • The two-material method allows for many different binder-powder combinations and various mechanical properties

Disadvantages of BJ

  • Not always suitable for structural parts, due to the use of binder material
  • Additional post processing can add significant time to the overall process

Binder Jetting machine manufacturers




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